NASA Office of Logic Design

NASA Office of Logic Design

A scientific study of the problems of digital engineering for space flight systems,
with a view to their practical solution.


REFERENCES

  1. Baecbler, D. O.: Aerospace Computer Characteristics and Design Trends-Case 105-8. Memorandum B70 11043, Bellcomm, Inc., Washington, D. C., November 18, 1970 (published in January/ February 1971 issue of Computer).

  2. Frost, C. R.: Military CPUS. Datamation, vol. 16, no. 7, July 15, 1970, pp. 87-103.

  3. Crisp, R.; Gilmore, J. P.; and Hopkins, A. L., Jr.: SIRU-A New Inertial System Concept for In-Flight Reliability and Maintainability. E-2407, MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, May 1969.

  4. Gilmore, J. P.; and McKern, R. A.: A Redundant Strapdown Inertial System Mechanization-SIRU. AIAA Paper No. 70-1027, Presented at AIAA Guidance, Control, and Flight Mechanics Conference, Santa Barbara, Calif., August 17-19, 1970.

  5. Dawson, W. F.; and Parke, N. C.: Development Tools for a Strapdown Guidance System. AIAA Paper No. 68-826, Presented at AIAA Guidance, Control, and Flight Dynamics Conference, Pasadena, Calif., August 12-14, 1968.

  6. Matthews, J. B.; and Taylor, G. R.: Development Program for a General Purpose Computer and Strapdown Inertial Measurement Unit. AIAA Paper No. 69-850, Presented at AIAA Guidance, -Control, and Flight Mechanics Conference, Princeton, N. J., August 18-20, 1969.

  7. Baechler, D. O.; and Schaenman, P. S.: Functional Requirements for the Spacebome Computer System of a Mid-70s Space Station. AAS Paper No. 69-581, Presented at AAS National Meeting, Las Cruces, N.M., October 23-25, 1969.

  8. Martin, F. H.; and Battin, R. H.: Computer-Controlled Steering of the Apollo Spacecraft. J. Space- craft and Rockets, vol. 5, no. 4, April 1968, pp. 400-407.

  9. Vander Velde, W. E.: Space Vehicle Flight Control. Part 7 of Space Navigation, Guidance, and Control, J. E. Miller, ed., AGARDograpb 105. Technivision Ltd., Maidenhead, England, 1966.

  10. Freeman, N. G.; and Teets, P. B.: Titan 3,@/C Digital Flight Controls. AIAA Paper No. 69-878, Presented at AIAA Guidance, Control, and Flight Mechanics Conference, Princeton, N.J., August 18-20, 1969.

  11. Matthews, S. W.: Improved Centaur Computer Operating Systems. AIAA Paper No. 69-943, Pre- sented at AIAA Aerospace Computer Systems Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., September 8-10,1969.

  12. Anon.: STS Software Development (Study Task 5). E-2519, MIT Draper Laboratory, July 1970.

  13. Gaddes, W. M.: Techniques for Developing Optimum Man/Computer Relationships in Aerospace Avionics Systems. In Air and Spaceborne Computers, E. Keonjian, ed., AGARDograph 127, Techni- vision Services, Slough, England, April 1970, pp. 57-72. -

  14. Hopkins, A. L., Jr.- Guidance Computer Design. Part 6 of Space Navigation, Guidance, and Control, J. E. Miller, ed., AGARDograph 105, Technivision Ltd., Maidenhead, England, 1966.

  15. Anon.: Mercury/Gemini Program Design Survey. NASA CR-86041, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co., January 1968.

  16. Anon.: Lunar Module/Abort Guidance System (LM/AGS) Design Survey. Report 06414-6008-TOOO, TRW Systems Group, September 1968.

  17. Christensen, J. V.; and Kipping, E. D.: Mid-Course Navigation Using Statistical Filter Theory, A Manual. Theodolite and Symbolic Computer Control. NASA TN-D-3875, Ames Research Center, February 1967.

  18. Stabler, E. P.; and Creveling, C. J.: Spacecraft Computers for Scientific Information Systems. Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 54, no. 12, December 1966, pp. 1734-1742.

  19. Cliff, R. A.: The SDP-3-A Computer Designed for Data Systems of Small Scientific Spacecraft. Presented at CNES Calculateurs Embarques Sur Fusees et Satellites Colloque International, Paris, France, December 3-6, 1968.

  20. Schaefer, D. H.; and Snively, J. W., Jr.: On-Board Plasma Data Processor. The Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 39, no. 4, April 1968, pp. 452-458.

  21. Kuehn, R. E.: Computer Redundancy. Design, Performance, and Future. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, vol. R-18, no. 1, February 1969, pp. 3-11.

  22. Styles, F.; Tharpe, M.; Taylor, T.; and Trevathan, C.: A General Purpose On-Board Processor for Scientific Spacecraft. NASA TM X-55843, Goddard Space Flight Center, July 1967.

  23. Muller, R. M.: On-Board Processor I-Phil osophy, Design, and Operation. Presented at CNES Calculateurs Embarques Sur Fusees et Satellites Colloque International, Paris, France, December 3-6, 1968.

  24. Baechler, D. O.: The Potential for Computer Use in Spaceborne Experiments, Case 730. TM-69- 1031-1, Belicomm, Inc., March 11, 1969.

  25. Dickinson, M. M.; Jackson, J. B.; and Randa, C. C.: Saturn 5 Launch Vehicle Digital Computer and Data Adapter. Proceedings of the Fall joint Computer Conference, 1964, pp. 501-516.

  26. Copps, E. M., Jr.: Recovery From Transient Failures of the Apollo Guidance Computer. MIT E-2037, Presented at AIAA Guidance, Control, and Flight Dynamics Conference, Pasadena, Calif., August 12-14, 1968.

  27. Lesniewski, R. J.: A Flexible LSI Spaceborne Data Processing System Concept. NASA TM X-61192, Goddard Space Flight Center, 1968.

  28. Hopkins, A. L., Jr.: A New Standard f6r/Information Processing Systems for Manned Space Flight. R-646, MIT Draper Laboratory, September 1969.

  29. Hurst, S. R.; Shuck, R. J.; and Tanguy, J. S.: An Interplanetary Spacecraft Central Computer- When? AIAA Paper No. 68-840, Presented at AIAA Guidance, Control, and Flight Dynamics Connee, Pasadena, Calif., August 12-14, 1968.

  30. Miller, J. S.; et a].: Final Report, Multiprocessor Computer System Study. Intermetries, Inc., March 1970.

  31. Daggett, D. H.; and Lee, R. Q.: F-IIID Computer Complex. J. Aircraft, vol. 6, no. 5, September- October 1969, pp. 432-438.

  32. Bersoff, E. H.; Hope, M. E.; and Tung, F. C.- Modular Computer Research. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. AES-6, no. 1, January 1970, pp. 29-36.

  33. Wang, G. Y.: An In-House Experimental Air Space Multiprocessor-EYAM. ERC Memo.KC-T-031, NASA Electronics Research Center, September 20, 1967.

  34. Wood, P. E., Jr.: Interconnection of Processors and Memory in the Multiprocessor System. ERC Memo KC-T-04L NASA Electronics Research Center, February 5, 1968.

  35. Wood, P. E., Jr.. Input/Output System for An Aerospace Multiprocessor. ERC Memo RC-T-062, NASA Electronics Research Center, May 19, 1969.

  36. Anon.: Control, Guidance, and Navigation for Advanced Manned Missions. R-600, vol. 2, MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, January 1968.

  37. Mallach, E.: Analysis of a Multiprocessor Guidance Computer. T-515, MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, June 1969.

  38. Anon.: A Fault-Tolerant Information Processing System for Advanced Control, Guidance, and Navigation. R-659, MIT Draper Laboratory, May 1970.

  39. Anon.: STS Data Management System Design (Task 2). E-2529, MIT Draper Laboratory, June 1970 (Preliminary Report).

  40. Eastin, E. I.; et al.: MSFC Advanced Aerospace Computer. Report No. SP-232-0384, Sperry Rand Space Support Division, July 6, 1970.

  41. Koczela, L. J.: Study of Spaceborne Multiprocessing-Phase 11, vol. 11-Technical Description. NASA CR-1159, North American Rockwell Autoneties Division, September 1968.

  42. Anon.: Multiprocessing Bibliography. TR No. AU-T-13, Auburn University Digital Systems Labora- tory, July 1970.

  43. Williman, A.; Koczela, L.; and Burnett, C.: Multiprocessor Organization for Manned Mars Mission. Presented at Spacebome Multiprocessing Seminar, Museum of Science, Boston, Mass., October 31, -1966.

  44. Butsch, L. M.; et al.-.' A Distributed Aerospace Computer System. Presented at AICA-IFIP Con- ference on Hybrid Computation, Munich, Germany, September 2, 1970.

  45. Anon.: Centaur in Retrospect. NASA CR-86040, Honeywell Aerospace Division, January 1968.

  46. Patzer, W. J.: Structure of an Aerospace Computer Family. In Air and Spacebome Computers, E. Keoniian, ed., AGARDograph 127, Technivision Services, Slough, England, April 1970, pp. 39-56.

  47. Charney, H. R.; Lambert, D. W.; and Stanten, S. F.: Systems Design of a General Purpose Aerospace Computer. U67-4337, Raytheon Company, Janie 23, 1967.

  48. Anon.: UNIVAC 1824 Computer Technical Description. PX 4620, UNIVAC Federal Systems Division, June 1969.

  49. Anon.: Technical Manual for Titan 3 Missile Guidance Computer and Ground Support Equipment. PX 5671-1-2, UNIVAC Federal Systems Division, June 1970.

  50. Joseph, E. C.: Evolving Digital Computer System Architectures. IEEE Computer Group News, vol. 2, no. 8, March 1969, pp. 2-8.

  51. Patzer, W. J.; and Vandling, G. C.-. Aerospace Systems Implications of Microprogramming. In Air and Spacebome Computers, E. Keoniian, ed., AGARDograph 127, Technivision Services, Slough, England, April 1970, pp. 87-97.

  52. Baechler, D. O.: Trends in Aerospace Digital Computer Design. IEEE Computer Group News, January 1969.

  53. Anon.: Computer Overload Laid to Radar Mode. Aviation Week and Space Technology, August 4, 1969, pp. 87-88.

  54. Yarosh, N. P.; Gregory, S. E.; Casey, E. J.; et al.: Interface Optimization Investigation. AFAL-TR-67- 152, UNIVAC Federal Systems Division, February 1968.

  55. Ricci, B. C.: Present and Future State of the Art in Guidance Computer Memories. NASA. TN D-4224, Electronics Research Center, November 1967.

  56. Kim, B. W.. Future Spaceborne Memories with 103-107 Bit Capacities. TM-68-1031-4, Belleornm, Inc., July 26, 1968.

  57. Anon.- UNIVAC 1832 Avionics Computer (Single and Multiprocessors). PX 5627A, UNIVAC Defense Systems Division, February 1968.

  58. Kim, B. W.: The Plated Wire Memory and Its Potential for Aerospace Application-Case 105-8. B70 05046, Bellcomm, Inc., May 20, 1970.

  59. Lainson, R.: A Plated Wire Memory System. R-551, MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, June 1966.

  60. Smetzer, J.: Plated Wire Memory and Its Development,at Aero-Florida. Honeywell Aerospace Division, 1970.

  61. England, W. A.: Applications of Plated Wire to the Military and Space Environments. Presented at IEEE International Magnetics Conference, Washington, D. C., April 21-24, 1970.

  62. Kosmala, A. L.; Green, J. P.; and Mart in, F. H.: Final Report. Engineering Study for a Mass Memory System for Advanced Spacecrafts. Intermetries, Inc., August 1970.

  63. Blecher, F. H.: Magnetic Cylindrical Domain "Bubble" Devices. The Reflector (Published by Boston Section of the IEEE), vol. XIX, no. 1, September 1, 1970, pp. loff.

  64. Anon.: Session 5-Bubbles, Bangles, and Ovonies (A Report on tl-ie Computer Elements Technical Committee Workshop, Litchfield Park, Arizona, January 1970). IEEE Computer Group News, vol. 3, no. 2, March/April 1970, p. 27.

  65. Gratian, J. W.; and Freytag, R. W.: Ferroacoustic Memory. Presented at 1968 Government Micro- circuit Applications Conference, Washington, D.C., October 1-3, 1968.

  66. Bobeek, A. H.; et al.: Application of Orthoferrites to Domain Wan Devices. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. MAC-5, no. 3, September 1970, pp. 544-554.

  67. Spignese, E. E.; Dawson, W. F.; and Edry,,/ R. J.: Preview of a 1970 LSI Digital Computer. Presented at Northeast Electronics Research and Engineering Meeting-NEREM, November 5-7, 1969.

  68. Collurn, C. E.; and Kraus, A. D.: Packaging and Physical Design of Digital Electronics. A Space Odyssey for 1969. Honeywell Aerospace Division, 1969.

  69. Anon.: Gemini Computer Large Amplitude Transient Susceptibility Test Report. IBM No. 65-565- 213, IBM Federal Systems Division, Owego, N.Y., Sept. 1964.

  70. Anon.: Atlas Series E/F Computer Liftoff and Staging Problems (CLASP) Final Summary Report. Division Report No. GDA-APZ64-070, General Dynamics/Astronautics, December 1964.

  71. Avizienis, A.; Design Methods for Fault-Tolerant Navigation Computers. TR 32-1409, jet Propulsion Laboratory, October 15, 1969.

  72. Anon.: Skylab A ATM Digital Computer Program Requirements Document (PRD). S&E-ASTR-SG 50NI-37941, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, July 1, 1970.

  73. Avizienis, A.: An Experimental Self-Repairing Computer. TR 32-1356, jet Propulsion Laboratory, August 1968 (Reprinted from Preprint Booklet E (Hardware 2) of the 1968 Congress of the International Federation for Information Processing, Edinburgh, Scotland, August 1968).

  74. Avizienis, A.; et al.: Automatic Maintenance of Aerospace Computers and Spacecraft Information and Control Systems. AIAA Paper No. 69-966, Presented at AIAA Aerospace Computer Systems Conference, Los Angeles, Calif., September 8-10, 1969.

  75. Avizienis, A.: The STAR Computer: A Self-Testing-and-Repairing Computer for Spacecraft Guidance, Control, and Automatic Maintenance. Presented at 10th Meeting of AGARD Guidance and Control Panel, London, England, June 2-5, 1970.

  76. Ball, M.; and Hardie, F.: IBM Proposes Triple-Redundancy Aerospace Computer. Computer Design, November 1967, pp. 34-36.

  77. Ball M.; and Hardie, P.:'Redundancy for Better Maintenance of Computer Systems. Computer Design, January 1969, pp. 50-52.

  78. Ball, M.; and Hardie, F. H.: Self-Repair in a TMR Computer. Computer Design, February 1969, pp. 54-57. 1

  79. Mathur, F. P.; and Avizienis, A.-. Reliability Analysis and Architecture of a Hybrid-Redundant Digital System: Generalized Triple Modular Redundancy with Self-Repair. AFIPS-Conference Proceedings, volume 36, AFIPS Press, Montvale, N. J., 1970, pp. 375-383.

  80. Widnall, W. S.; Glick, F. K.; Henize, J., and Drane, L. W.. The Digital Simulation for the Verification of Program SUNBURST (Unmanned LM, AS-206). E-2146, MIT Instrumentation Laboratory, July 1967.

  81. Ferrier, B. E., Jr.: Operational Flight Program Validation Plan for Missiles. J. Spacecraft and Rockets, - Vol. 6, no. 5, May 1969, pp. 628 - 630.

  82. Keoniian, E., ed.: Air and Spaceborne Computers. AGARDograph 127, Techni vision Services, Slough, England, April 1970, pp. 173-175.

  83. Anon.: Apollo Configuration Management Manual. NHB 8040.2 (Formerly NPC 500-1), NASA Office of Manned Space Flight, January 1970.

  84. Anderson, M. D.; and Marek, V. J.. Evaluation of Aerospace Computer Architecture. AIAA Paper No. 68-836, Presented at AIAA Guidance, Control and Flight Dynamics Conference, Pasadena, Calif., August 12-14, 1968.

  85. Williman, A.; Koczela, L.; and Burnett, G.: Multiprocessor Organization for Manned Mars Mission. Presented at Spaceborne Multiprocessing Seminar, Museum of Science, Boston, Mass., October 31, 1966.


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